One of the themes that emerged from our discussions about barriers is that sustainable solutions are not competitive with the established energy industry and fossil fuels across cost, performance, scale, and ease of use.
When we look at what is needed urgently over the next 20 years, what are some of the breakthroughs we can expect (and potentially incentivize with a prize) that could create sustainable solutions that are competitive across cost, performance, scale, and ease of use ?
For our purposes, breakthroughs are solutions to problems. A breakthrough is a discovery, development or disruption that causes significant, sometimes sudden or dramatic positive change in the trajectory of the future. Breakthroughs can be technological, social, political, cultural, economic, or a combination of these.