I would add that politics and the “average person” play a big role here, so whatever technology is implemented should be accessible to regular people in that country in a way that will engage them politically to put pressure on local leaders and/or connect with each other around this issue they all care about.
So much of this sort of data tends to be too heady and scientific, it’s great for scientists and those who are versed in navigating maps and analytics, but if it’s too esoteric then it doesn’t really have the effect we’re looking for. Let’s say you can monitor illegal logging right down to the tree and exact location in real time, that would be amazing, but if those with the power to do anything about it are basically complicit then nothing will change. These deforestation mega-industries have A LOT of power, and only a significant and sustained groundswell of local people rising up to stop it will counteract that.
If the fancy tech can be understandable for average people, let’s say via an app that alerts them, gives them a way to contact their local leaders or share with friends, and helps create political momentum when it comes to voting the bad guys out power (ok yeah we’re assuming the democratic process is sound to some degree), now you’re connecting the DATA with the essential HUMANITY to create change-making action. Just my 2 cents.