The scale of people who do not have access is to the energy, water, food nexus is a significant fraction of the people on the planet. We normally think on the scale of national grids and energy systems, but in many ways the most transformative scale could be the village or sub-village scale. The development of independent nano grids capable of providing all the necessary prerequisites for health and livelihood sufficient to change the human development index substantially.
AirHES was initially planned as a local independent source of freshwater and energy on the village level (especially for equatorial zone in Africa and Latine America). Look at such model calculation on page 15 here.
Now that we’ve opened the breakthroughs stage of the program, I think this topic better fits there.
The creation of a sustainable energy generation, storage, and distribution infrastructure represents a global grand challenge that requires massive transnational investments in the research and development of energy technologies that will provide the amount of energy needed on a sufficient scale and timeframe with minimal impact on the environment and have limited economic and societal disruption during implementation. Prospective advances in nanoscale science and technology offer high potential in addressing the energy challenge. We can approach this from a two-fold perspective: analyzing the fundamental physicochemical principles and engineering aspects of different energy technologies and identifying unique opportunities enabled by nanoscale design of materials, processes, and systems in order to improve performance and reduce costs. Our principal goal should be to establish a roadmap for research and development activities in nanoscale science and technology that would significantly advance and accelerate the implementation of renewable energy technologies. We should also identify a number of priority themes in basic energy science that cut across the entire spectrum of energy conversion, storage, and conservation technologies.
Thanks @Jesse_Nyokabi for sharing your thoughts. I would further like to understand if you have come across any emerging solutions/breakthroughs which overcome this barriers.