Space Exploration to Achieve Scientific Breakthroughs

One of the themes that emerged from our discussions about barriers to democratize space is access to knowledge is limited, hindering social inclusion; lack of knowledge sharing impacts technological progress and innovation.

Knowledge, coupled with innovation can provide people around the globe with solutions as well as useful products and services. Knowledge acquired from space exploration will also introduced new perspectives on our individual and collective place in the Universe.

What breakthrough solutions could help in increasing space exploration that leads to new scientific and technological knowledge of inherent value to humankind in the next two decades? and how can we make this knowledge accessible to all?

Hi @avi_loeb, @easphaug and @jmasiero - Given your vast knowledge in space, would love to hear your thoughts on what emerging breakthrough solutions could facilitate frequent space exploration that leads to new scientific and technological knowledge? also how can we make this knowledge accessible to all?

@Shashi Partnerships and capabilities developed through space exploration create new opportunities for addressing global challenges. Space exploration is a global endeavour contributing to trust and diplomacy between nations. Enhanced global partnerships and exploration capabilities may help advance international preparedness for protecting the Earth from catastrophic events such as some asteroid strikes, advancing collaborative research on space weather and protecting spacecraft by developing new means for space debris removal. Knowledge derived from space exploration may also contribute to implementing policies for environmentally sustainable development.

Space exploration and the innovation it entails are essential drivers for opening up new domains in space science and technology. They trigger new partnerships and develop capabilities that create new opportunities for addressing global challenges. Space exploration also motivates young people to pursue education and careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (the STEM disciplines).

Though the precise nature of future benefits from space exploration is not easily predefined, current trends suggest that significant advantage may be found in areas such as new materials, health and medicine, transportation and computer technology. As the benefits of space exploration and innovation become better known, increasingly more countries and non-governmental entities are interested in engaging in exploration and innovation.

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Thanks @mashizaq for sharing your thoughts on benefits of space exploration. We would further like to understand what breakthrough solutions could facilitate frequent space exploration?

@Shashi Before we even think about breakthrough solutions, I think the very first thing we need to do is make space available to all. Space should not be a thing for the developed nations only. We have developing nations that can do much better than the developed nations in matters space but they have individual problems that first need to be addressed for them to rise to the occassion. It’s all about creating a universal experience.

It just hurts me seeing potential resources running into waste while, if they can be exploited, we then can have the breakthrough solutions we need to facilitate frequent space exploration.

We know the importance of launching from the Equator, but yet again, one will say that we have space companies doing better and not utilizing the Equatorial Range. There are numerous breakthroughs that can be implemented but the real question should be, where we want to be and the nature of space exploration in the future.

If we just keep building spaceships that can’t take us to outer space then we remain grounded on Earth. Mechanisms utilizing available resources should be put in place. This therefore necessitates international cooperation such that if a developing nation has better facilities do develop an efficient space system than a developed nation, these international partners must be willing to let go their ego and put in place the necessary interventions to establish the space system.

However, if we continue to limit cooperation to only the developed nations, then it remains a waste of breathe saying that space is open for all since this will only increase the competition and greed for greatness in the space industry and this will be the begining of the inter-galactic wars.

So if we want a safer space eco-system, we must first change our mindsets and work together as brothers and sister sailing the same spaceship, Earth.

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Hi @Mlhanlon, @kblackwe and @Luca - According to you, what emerging breakthrough solutions could facilitate frequent space exploration that leads to new scientific and technological knowledge? also how can we make this knowledge accessible to all?
Please share your thoughts.

The best breakthrough ideas will be developed into ideas for XPRIZE competitions in the next stage of the Global Visioneering program.

Sustainability in space intrigues me. Will we as people of earth repeat our mistakes on the moon? To reduce waste of booster stages from launches on the moon, I suggest using aneutronic fusion generators to power magnetic launchers on the moon, leaving no waste.

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Hi @JohnBucknell, @peregrinus and @SpacePlaceCanada - According to you, what emerging breakthrough solutions could facilitate frequent space exploration that leads to new scientific and technological knowledge? also how can we make this knowledge accessible to all?
Please share your thoughts.

For those interested in the movement to privatize space exploration and space itself, The Space Barons does serve as a useful primer, laying out the timelines and geneses of these companies. But it stops short of posing critical questions about what it means for such enterprises to be privately held — a line of questioning that, given the history of labor problems and tendencies toward monopolization at the barons’ non-space companies Amazon and Tesla, might be very good questions to ask indeed.

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Hi @buzlityr, @LBakerLyon and @Spacearch - Given your vast knowledge in space, would love to hear your thoughts on what emerging breakthrough solutions could facilitate frequent space exploration that leads to new scientific and technological knowledge? also how can we make this knowledge accessible to all?

Hi @derleth, @interplanetary and @marz62 - According to you, what emerging breakthrough solutions could facilitate frequent space exploration that leads to new scientific and technological knowledge? also how can we make this knowledge accessible to all?
Please share your thoughts.

Space tourism, I think the criticisms that are being levied against that industry are fair, but humanity is still going to continue to explore space in scientific ways that do benefit everybody. When astronauts go to space and they see and experience our planet, they come back down very often transformed human beings – with a new care for what’s happening on our planet.

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I think that space mining could do a lot.

The only space mining company I know that’s still going is TransAstronautica, and I think Dr. Joel Sercel, the CEO, has a real possibility of making it work. The best part is that Joel is focusing on space ethics in the expanse out to other worlds, so hopefully this will truly be a ride that everyone could take someday.

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Hi @Rahul, @RobertB, @SynergyKevin and @Sergio123Cabral - Given that you have been working in this area for more then a decade, in your views what breakthrough solutions could facilitate frequent space exploration that leads to new scientific and technological knowledge?

AI and Machine Learning Used for Space Exploration

NASA is constantly progressing in AI applications for space research, such as automating image analysis for the galaxy, planet, and star classification, developing autonomous space probes that can avoid space junk without human involvement, by using AI-based radio technology to make communication networks more effective and disturbance-free. However, the creation of autonomous landers (robots) that wander the surface of other planets is one of NASA’s most critical AI applications. Without explicit orders from the control room, these autonomous robots must make judgments and avoid obstacles on the uneven terrain while choosing the optimal course. Some of the most significant advances in Mars exploration have relied heavily on autonomous robots. Read more.

Reusable rocket technology, international collaboration (among allies), and collaboration with private firms should further the trajectory of new discovery. The struggle may be to avoid having resources diverted to feed the craving among the super rich for space tourism. Will it really subsidize the research efforts of Blue Origin, Space X, and Virgin to innovate? Commercial satellites (and their data) and space junk remediation are far more likely to be the “cash cow” to financially support private innovation than Space Tourism. Thoughts?

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Thanks @SpacePlaceCanada for sharing your thoughts. I agree with you.

NASA’s 20 Breakthroughs from 20 Years of Science aboard the International Space Station report, summarized the 20 most important scientific breakthroughs achieved through space exploration in the last 20 years.

  1. Fundamental disease research
  2. Discovery of steadily burning cool flames
  3. New water purification systems
  4. Development using protein crystals
  5. Methods to combat muscle atrophy and bone loss
  6. Exploring the fifth state of matter
  7. Understanding how our bodies change in microgravity
  8. Testing tissue chips in space
  9. Stimulating the low-Earth orbit economy
  10. Growing food in microgravity
  11. Deployment of CubeSats from station
  12. Monitoring our planet from a unique perspective
  13. Collecting data on more than 100 billion cosmic particles
  14. A better understanding of pulsars and black holes
  15. Student access to an orbiting laboratory
  16. Capability to identify unknown microbes in space
  17. Opening up the field of colloid research
  18. The evolution of fluid physics research
  19. 3D printing in microgravity
  20. Responding to natural disasters

These can serve as a reference for defining the next potential scientific breakthroughs that space exploration can achieve.

@Shashi @LBakerLyon

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