@Eti Sorry for the long delay, I hadn’t enabled notifications! One way to think about packaging design for efficiency is as follows. There are two primary areas in which innovative food packaging would need superior performance.
- Distribution efficiency. Packaging standardizes the shipment and distribution of a bunch of varied products.
- Food preservation. This seems obvious, but the point of packaging isn’t only to get food from point A to point B. It also extends the useful life of foods.
The design of any food packaging has to deliver in both areas. A lot of food packaging, especially in highly perishable products like fruit and veg, prioritizes the former at the expense of the latter. For example, shipping avocados on pallets makes distribution relatively straightforward and pretty efficient and it keeps avocados from rolling around the back of a truck too terribly much and getting very bruised. But there is room for packaging that extends the useful life of avocados in all stages of the food supply chain after distribution. In this particular example, Apeel Sciences noted this opportunity and has focused on rolling out its technology to highly perishable goods like avocados and cucumbers.
Long comment to say: Current packaging design often tries to solve both the “distribution efficiency” and “food preservation” problems in one fell swoop, and certain foods may warrant a more modular and flexible approach to food packaging. A “one size fits all” approach to food packaging may be easy, but doesn’t capture all the opportunities in which food packaging can excel.
Hope that helps, and sorry again for the delay!