The government of India, in 2018 launched Operation Greens, with an outlay of INR 5 billion to promote Farmer Producers Organizations (FPOs #), agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management for integrated development of Tomato, Onion and Potato (TOP) value chain and to stabilise the demand-supply situation for these crops and promote initiatives to control disparity.
The fluctuating prices situation required fundamental changes beginning from crop variety selection (table variety v/s processing varieties), procurement mechanism, post-harvest handling and storage, processing of produce, market development, logistics services and distribution.
In India, the cold chain network is highly disaggregated and operates on thin margins, therefore, there is a massive need for the development of large scale infrastructure to support the mass storage and movement of perishable items. The limitation also is highly sophisticated capital-intensive machinery leading to the need to maintain capacity utilization.
Whilst in India there are two main types of agri-food supply chains, namely, agri-food chains for fresh agricultural products and agri-food chains for processed food products.
Linking primary producers with modern food supermarkets is seen as a way to improve rural livelihoods, especially small producers for perishable food items is a win-win situation for both and better traceability.
The private sector, particularly retailers, play a critical role in agri-food chains. Organised supply chains provide opportunities for adoption and testing of new approaches such as social accountability, good agricultural practice (GAP), total quality management, and hazard analysis at critical control points (HACCP) ensures the quality and safety of products and acceptable social performance.