The very first XPRIZE, the $10M Ansari XPRIZE, was focused on private spaceflight. The $30M Google Lunar XPRIZE saw over $300 million invested worldwide and spurred the creation of private space companies in Hungary, India, Israel, and Malaysia.

The Outer Space Treaty "Space should be considered the province of all mankind"

bngejanebngejane bk ngejanePosts: 25 ✭✭

The South African Space Program Brief History:

1. Space Affairs Council of South Africa (SACSA).
2. South African Interplanetary Society formed in 1953.
3. South African Rocket Research Group (SARRG) of 1959.
4. The Astronomical Society of Southern Africa enthusiastically participated in NASA‟s Project Moonwatch, which ran from 1957-1967.
5. NASA also established its Deep Space Network Station 51 at Hartebeeshoek with a 26- metre dish in 1961.
6. The South African Government paid licence fees to the Israelis for all the Shavit technology in the 1980s and renamed it RSA-3.
7. The RSA-3/ Shavit had a mass of 23 tonnes, with the capability to launch a 330 kg satellite into a 212x 460 km orbit at a 41° inclination.
8. As this was an ICBM program under the apartheid government, the political pressure from the US government spelt an end to it.
9. Over ZAR five billion was spent, equivalent in 2010 purchasing power to perhaps fifty billion rands.
10. Nevertheless, this space launcher programme did leave a heritage of considerable physical space infrastructure.

RSA Space Assets Physical Infrastructure:

1. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research.
2. The Institute of Satellite and Software Applications.
3. The Overberg Test Range
4. The South African Air Force‟s Test Flight and Development Centre
5. The South African Air Force Waterkloof Base
6. Pierre van Ryneveld Airport, Upington with a 4.9 km runway
7. Southern African Large Telescope (SALT)
8. Square Kilometre Array (SKA).

Other Assets:

1. Democratic South Africa ratified what might be conceptualized as the founding statutes of the space constitution.
2. We hosted the 62nd International Astronautics Congress in Cape Town in October 2011.
3. South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO).
4. Hartebeeshoek Radio Telescope (HartRao).
5. Hermanus Magnetic Observatory (HMO).
6. Sunsat and Sumbandila are also Africa‟s first two microsats that were entirely constructed on the continent, demonstrating hi-tech industrial capabilities.
7. Mark Shuttleworth, became in 2002 the first African and second space tourist to orbit and visit the space station.


In the immediate future, South Africa‟s most-effective strategy for assured access to space will be to invite Antrix, SpaceX, Relativity, LauncherOne, Rocket Lab and other foreign commercial space launchers to tender for launch services.

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